Download Tsar And Cossack 1855-1914 by Robert H. McNeal PDF

By Robert H. McNeal

Исследование посвящено российской армии, казачеству, и их отношений с властью. Роберт МакНил, на основе изучения положения и военно-экономического статуса казаков с 1855 по 1914 гг. пришел к выводу, что уже к началу первой мировой войны казаки представляли собой только военную силу с неэффективно работающей экономикой и были анахронизмом, пережившим свою целесообразность для государства. По мере укрепления государственности и экспансии государства на приграничные территории у казачества не было иного выхода, как войти в государственный организм на условиях отбывания службы, сохранения с постепенным отмиранием некоторых былых вольностей или исчезнуть. Впоследствии казачество как сословие, казачьи войска как социально-экономический и военно-политический институты неизбежно должны были исчезнуть. Что и происходило в пореформенный период, а завершились эти процессы в годы гражданской войны и сталинской модернизации.

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Tsar And Cossack 1855-1914

Исследование посвящено российской армии, казачеству, и их отношений с властью. Роберт МакНил, на основе изучения положения и военно-экономического статуса казаков с 1855 по 1914 гг. пришел к выводу, что уже к началу первой мировой войны казаки представляли собой только военную силу с неэффективно работающей экономикой и были анахронизмом, пережившим свою целесообразность для государства.

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1978) Australian Kin Classification, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ——(1991) ‘Sexism and naturalism in the study of kinship’, in M. ) Gender at the Crossroads of Knowledge: Feminist Anthropology in the Postmodern Era, Berkeley: University of California Press. W. G. (1971) A Study in Structural Semantics: The Siriono Kinship System, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: PrenticeHall. M. (1965a) ‘Some muddles in the models: Or, how the system really works’, in The Relevance of Models for Social Anthropology, London: Tavistock Publications.

In addition, Schweitzer (1994) has recently argued for the Bering Strait Inupiaq that ‘becoming a relative’ is not limited to biological means and that pragmatic and strategic choices are part of the process. Kinship is a rhetoric of social relatedness, as Guemple argues (Guemple 1972a), but I cannot agree with him that it is not the underlying skeleton of the social system and is unimportant. In Kangersuatsiaq, kinship—whether based on biology or affinity—is real as long as people see it as such.

Eds) (1996) Gender, Kinship, Power: A Comparative and Interdisciplinary History, New York: Routledge. Medick, H. W. (eds) (1984) Interest and Emotion: Essays on the Study of Family and Kinship, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Meillassoux, C. ) Relations of Production: Marxist Approaches to Economic Anthropology, London: Frank Cass. ——(1981) Maidens, Meal and Money: Capitalism and the Domestic Community, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Mitterauer, M. and Sieder, R. (1982) The European Family: Patriarchy to Partnership from the Middle Ages to the Present, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

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