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By Smith V.L.

Explores constructivist and ecological techniques to rationality in economics.

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Is evidence of its having been created for a purpose, and always that we should so re-design society and its institutions that all our actions will be guided by known purposes. . This view is rooted . . in a . . propensity of primitive thought to interpret all regularity . . as the result of the design of a thinking mind” (pp. 8–9). In economics, the SSSM leads to rational predictive models of decision that motivated research hypotheses that experimentalists have been testing in the laboratory since the mid-twentieth century.

I explore that development (see Part IV) and use it to explain why the falsificationist thinking of scientists defines neither what scientists do or exclusively what they should do, although it explains much of what they say about what they do. I will also treat the logical incompleteness of the methods of science (and mathematics) and why the failure of all attempts to construct a rational methodology of science is not cause for alarm or postmodern cynicism. What saves the day is human sociality, as it operates in our scientific communities and enables us to muddle through in spite of the rhetoric of falsification tests.

P1: KNP 9780521871358int CUNY949/Smith 978 0 521 87135 8 12 August 24, 2007 18:2 P1: KNP 9780521871358c01 CUNY949/Smith 978 0 521 87135 8 August 24, 2007 17:59 PART ONE RATIONALITY, MARKETS, AND INSTITUTIONS Subsidiary awareness and focal awareness are mutually exclusive. If a pianist shifts his attention from the piece he is playing to the observation of what he is doing with his fingers while playing it, he gets confused and may have to stop. This happens generally if we shift our focal attention to particulars of which we had previously been aware only in their subsidiary role.

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