Download American Indian Holocaust and Survival: A Population History by Russell Thornton PDF

By Russell Thornton

This demographic evaluation of North American Indian heritage describes intimately the holocaust that, even this present day, white americans are inclined to brush aside as an unlucky concomitant of happen future. they need to overlook that, as Euro-Americans invaded North the USA and prospered within the "New World," the numbers of local peoples declined sharply; whole tribes, frequently within the area of some years, have been "wiped from the face of the earth."


The fires of the holocaust that ate up American Indians blazed within the fevers of newly encountered illnesses, the flash of settlers’ and infantrymen’ weapons, the ravages of "firewater," and the scorched-earth guidelines of the white invaders. Russell Thornton describes how the holocaust had as its explanations ailment, battle and genocide, removing and relocation, and destruction of aboriginal methods of life.


Until lately such a lot students appeared reluctant to invest approximately North American Indian populations in 1492. during this e-book Thornton discusses intimately what percentage Indians there have been, the place they'd come from, and the way smooth scholarship in lots of disciplines might allow us to make extra actual estimates of aboriginal populations.

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Additional resources for American Indian Holocaust and Survival: A Population History Since 1492 (Civilization of the American Indian)

Example text

Depopulation ratios are never known for the population estimated; in using epidemiological projections, the ratio may be known, but typically, certain events after depopulation must be assumed, such as the extent of population recovery. In mathematical and statistical projections it is assumed the unknown population followed the line or curve, although this is never certain. 5 million, estimated in 1966 by Henry Dobyns, also an anthropologist. D. 1200. arrived at hemispherewide estimates inductively by estimating the populations of hemisphere subareas, then totaling them for the overall figures shown in tables 22 and 23.

5 The same may be said for North America: civilizations had risen and fallen here before the European conquest. C. D. D. 1700, though they are thought to have reached their peak around the time of Columbus (Fitting, 1978; Brose and Greber, 1979; Griffin, 1983). The Anasazi were in the Southwest for many centuries before Columbus (Plog, 1979; Cordell, 1979), as were the Hohokam (Gumerman and Haury, 1979), Mogollon (Martin, 1979), and other cultures (Di Peso, 1979; Schroeder, 1979; Lipe, 1983). These groups populated that area relatively densely.

The lowest and highest estimates are, not surprisingly, by Kroeber and Dobyns, who made the lowest and highest total hemisphere estimates. Their North America estimates are but components of their totals for the hemisphere. 25 million, but recently has asserted it may have been 18 million for the area north of Mesoamerica. The conterminous United States accounted for most of Kroeber's and Dobyns's totals. Kroeber estimated that population at 720,000 or 80 percent of the Western Hemisphere aboriginal population.

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