Download Alterations of Consciousness: An Empirical Analysis for by Imants Baruss, Stephen Vletas PDF

By Imants Baruss, Stephen Vletas

Adjustments of awareness is a clean and richly analytic research into the character of cognitive fact. Imants Baruss explores numerous manifestations of cognizance with rational and empirical rigor starting with extra usual states akin to considering, dozing, dreaming and carrying on with on into hypnosis, trance, psychedelic reviews, transcendence, and reports regarding dying. This complete evaluate of altered states examines recognition from the physiological, cognitive, and experiential issues of view. Readers will achieve from this enticing textual content an enriched figuring out of awareness, truth, and the medical activity.

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Extra info for Alterations of Consciousness: An Empirical Analysis for Social Scientists

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Trying to remember the name of an actress in a movie while listening to the music would be an example of deliberate, internally focused thinking. And worrying about an exam the following day while hearing the song would be an example of spontaneous, internally focused thinking. Our thoughts can be strange along one of three dimensions. First, thoughts can be fanciful or realistic. Fanciful thoughts are ones in which “important social role expectations or current versions of natural laws” (Klinger, 1978, p.

Indeed, we may end up with spontaneous images that are fragmented, self-deprecating, and meaningless—that is to say, images that have nothing wise about them. However, at other times the spontaneous images may be accompanied by a sense of rightness, understanding, and joy, even though the presence of such qualities does not guarantee that they are objectively true or necessarily wise (cf. Ferrucci, 1982). , Feinberg-Moss & Oatley, 1990), more research is needed to determine the extent to which it is meaningful and useful.

271). The researchers found that watching nonviolent children’s programs increased positive–intense daydreaming, watching nonviolent dramatic programs inhibited aggressive–heroic daydreaming, and “watching violent dramatic programs inhibited positive–intense daydreaming” (Valkenburg & van der Voort, 1995, p. 285) and stimulated aggressive–heroic daydreaming. These are changes in the styles of daydreaming in which the children were engaged and not changes in the overall frequency of daydreaming.

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