By Rita Chin, Heide Fehrenbach, Geoff Eley, Atina Grossmann
"After the Nazi Racial country bargains a accomplished, persuasive, and bold argument in want of creating 'race' a extra principal analytical classification for the writing of post-1945 heritage. this is often a really vital venture, and the quantity certainly has the aptitude to reshape the sector of post-1945 German history."---Frank Biess, college of California, San DiegoWhat occurred to "race," race pondering, and racial differences in Germany, and Europe extra generally, after the death of the Nazi racial country? This booklet investigates the afterlife of "race" seeing that 1945 and demanding situations the long-dominant assumption between historians that it disappeared from public discourse and policy-making with the defeat of the 3rd Reich and its genocidal ecu empire. Drawing on case reports of Afro-Germans, Jews, and Turks---arguably the 3 most vital minority groups in postwar Germany---the authors element continuities and alter around the 1945 divide and supply the beginnings of a heritage of race and racialization after Hitler. a last bankruptcy strikes past the German context to think about the postwar engagement with "race" in France, Britain, Sweden, and the Netherlands, the place waves of postwar, postcolonial, and exertions migration nativist notions of nationwide and eu identity.After the Nazi Racial kingdom poses interpretative questions for the historic realizing of postwar societies and democratic transformation, either in Germany and all through Europe. It elucidates key analytical different types, historicizes present discourse, and demonstrates how modern debates approximately immigration and integration---and approximately simply how a lot "difference" a democracy can accommodate---are implicated in an extended historical past of "race." This e-book explores why the idea that of "race" turned taboo as a device for figuring out German society after 1945. so much crucially, it indicates the social and epistemic results of this decided retreat from "race" for Germany and Europe as a whole.Rita Chin is affiliate Professor of historical past on the college of Michigan.Heide Fehrenbach is Presidential study Professor at Northern Illinois University.Geoff Eley is Karl Pohrt special collage Professor of up to date heritage on the college of Michigan.Atina Grossmann is Professor of historical past at Cooper Union.Cover representation: Human eye, © Stockexpert.com.
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Additional resources for After the Nazi Racial State: Difference and Democracy in Germany and Europe (Social History, Popular Culture, and Politics in Germany)
Neither anthropologist found signi‹cant deviations in the health, intelligence, or emotional disposition of postwar Mischlingskinder when compared to Black Occupation Children and the Devolution of the Nazi Racial State 41 their white counterparts. However, they did note certain developmental, physical, and behavioral characteristics, which they attributed to the children’s “Negroid biological inheritance,” and that clearly echoed the stereotypes handed down by previous generations of racial scientists.
While Kirchner and Sieg detected a tendency for hotheadedness, impulsiveness, and disobedience among Black German children, they also declared that these supposedly inherited racial qualities could be tempered by the proper positive in›uences of attentive mothers, childhood friendships, and a well-disposed public. ” In sum, of‹cial surveys and anthropological studies of “Mischlingskinder” of the 1950s articulated a revised taxonomy of race that would spur new social policy initiatives. In the process, West German of‹cial, academic, and media reports constructed a unitary origin for black occupation children.
Boldly put, one could argue that both Cold War Germanys ultimately structured ethnicized economies to meet labor needs and supply their national populations with acceptable levels of consumer goods. 55 The German experience, and its Cold War framing, may be instructive when considering Europe as a whole. After all, the impulse for racial reconstruction was hardly a uniquely German enterprise after 1945. An important legacy of Nazi military aggression, beyond the ideological division of Europe into two Cold War camps, was its demographic and ethnic reordering.