By Fernando Rosario-Ortiz
The examine of dissolved natural subject (DOM) has interested scientists and engineers for a minimum of 60 years - from the preliminary efforts excited by measuring the concentrations of carbon in marine and aquatic structures, to the invention of the position of DOM within the formation of disinfection byproducts, all of the option to the hot emphasis at the particular knowing of the several sensible teams and easy structural beneficial properties that are the foundation for the physicochemical homes of the fabric. After 50 years of labor within the zone, there are nonetheless many questions relating to DOM.
The research of dissolved natural subject (DOM) has interested researchers in numerous fields of technology and engineering for plenty of many years. The influence that DOM has on a wide range of environmental tactics has led to the improvement of a multidisciplinary group of researchers all concentrating on utilizing diversified analytical suggestions and experimental layout to raised comprehend DOM. This ebook deals pick out case stories targeting the complicated characterization of DOM in several environments and with recognize to diverse procedures. It effects from the realization of a symposium that E. M. Thurman and that i had prepared for the 245th assembly of the yankee Chemical Society, which used to be hung on April 7-11, 2013 in New Orleans, Louisiana
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Extra resources for Advances in the physicochemical characterization of dissolved organic matter : impact on natural and engineered systems
33) applied EEM fluorescence spectroscopy to study landscape factors based on seasonal characteristics of DOM in ephemeral washes in a Mediterranean landscape. The authors suggest that for some seasons, changes in DOM composition and source are driven by hydromorphology and landscape features (land-use) in the watershed. Longer term studies of this nature that apply EEM-PARAFAC are needed to increase our understanding of seasonal effects of land-use on DOM in streams. While the effect on DOM quality as a result of changes in land-use from natural systems to human-impacted watersheds through increases in agricultural and urban landscapes has been clearly demonstrated using EEM-PARAFAC approaches, less is known about effects resulting from forest management.
For example, the work by Guillemette 43 vances in the Physicochemical Characterization of Dissolved Organic Matter: Impact on Natural and Engineered Systems; Rosario-Orti ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2014. ch003 and del Giorgio (9), which is also discussed in the rivers and lakes sections of this chapter, reported that marshes had significantly higher degradation rates of DOC and % biological DOC consumption (%BDOC) during long-term (1 month) experiments compared to lakes and rivers.
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