By Emilio Zagheni, Marina Zannella, Gabriel Movsesyan, Brittney Wagner
This comparative research of ecu time transfers finds the complete volume of transfers within the kind of unpaid paintings and highlights the life of vital gender modifications in family time construction. a wide volume of products and prone are produced by means of family contributors for his or her personal intake, with out concerning marketplace transactions. regardless of the commercial and social significance of unpaid paintings, those efficient actions are mostly invisible to standard nationwide fiscal debts. for this reason, common measures of intergenerational transfers usually forget about loved ones construction, and therefore underestimate the final price of products and prone produced over the existence cycle; particularly, the industrial contribution of women. The e-book makes use of a existence path method of provide policy-relevant insights into the impact of demographic and social switch on intergenerational ties and gender inequality in loved ones production.
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Additional resources for A Comparative Analysis of European Time Transfers between Generations and Genders
Innovative policies can be enacted to encourage increased labor force participation, at both the extensive and intensive margins, while further subsidizing childcare and eldercare, two of the most time-intensive channels of household production. Governments could consider converting some unpaid activity into paid work: recent enacted and proposed legislation in European countries would directly compensate individuals for their household work dedicated to childcare and eldercare. Other unpaid household tasks that meet the traditional third-party criterion could be relinquished to the market.
In fact, there is a positive relationship between fertility and women’s labor force participation in countries that have individual, as opposed to joint, taxation policies, and adequate child care facilities instead of public cash assistance (Apps and Rees 2005; Neyer 2003). There is some evidence of a relationship between the gender gap in household production and fertility choices. Studies in Italy and Switzerland have shown that couples who portray more egalitarian roles related to household production display an increased likelihood of having another child (Bernardi et al.
The availability of these data allow for comparative analyses of household production and consumption across the life cycle (Fisher and Gershuny 2013). 6 Time Production The time dedicated to household production can be estimated directly from time use data. In this section, we show our estimates of age- and sex-specific profiles, obtained from MTUS data. First, we identify a set of unpaid productive activities that meet the “third party criterion” (Reid 1934). In other words, we selected activities which somebody else can potentially be hired to perform.